1960 - 1969 The Anne Frank House opens

The Secret Annex where Anne Frank wrote her diary becomes a museum. It attracts a huge amount of interest as Anne and her diary become known worldwide and the man responsible for the arrest of those in hiding is discovered.

  • "I believe that the Secret Annex should become a meeting place, and a place for reflection and inspiration as well as a museum."

    Otto Frank

  • "Young people especially always want to know how these terrible things could ever have happened. I answer them as well as I can."

    Otto Frank

  • "Killing is not the worst. I think he merited killing, but whether he should have been is another matter. I am not an adherent of killing."

    Otto Frank

  • "Anne Frank became a symbol of the million murdered children, and I tell it to the father of Anne Frank, the diary of his daughter had a bigger impact than the Nuremberg trial."

    Simon Wiesenthal

  • "The spiritual value of the house is very great. (...) But more must be achieved. It is not enough that people are moved and come to think about all the terrible events. We must do more."

    Otto Frank

  • 1914 - 1918 The Franks during the First World War

    Otto Frank and his brothers are called up to fight on the Western Front for the German army. Their mother and sister volunteer to work in a Frankfurt military hospital. All survive this destructive conflict which ultimately results in another world war.

    1914 - 1918  The Franks during the First World War

    1919 - 1925 A family business

    Life returns to normal after the war and Otto manages the family owned bank. As Germany’s Weimar Republic is plunged into an economic and political crisis, civilian unrest increases and the seeds for the Nazi party and Hitler’s rise to power are sown.
    1919 - 1925  A family business

    1925 - 1929 Otto and Edith marry

    Otto Frank meets Edith Holländer, and they marry in the synagogue in Aachen. As the political situation in Germany worsens the Nazi party gains more support. Hitler’s plans for Germany and ideas about race are published in Mein Kampf (My Struggle).

    1929 - 1933 Anne Frank’s birth

    In a world on the brink of economic crisis Anne Frank is born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany on 12 June 1929. Her sister Margot is 3 years old.

    1929 - 1933  Anne Frank’s birth

    1933 - 1941 Emigrating to The Netherlands

    Hitler comes to power. Otto and Edith Frank are convinced that they will be safe in Amsterdam from the antisemitism in Nazi Germany. Otto establishes his business, the children go to school, life resumes a normality as Europe rumbles towards war.

    1933 - 1941  Emigrating to The Netherlands

    1940 - 1942 The German invasion

    May 1940, Germany invades The Netherlands, Belgium and France. Registration of the Jews is the first step taken in isolating them. As a Jew, Otto is no longer allowed to own a business, so he appoints Jo Kleiman as director.

    1940 - 1942  The German invasion

    1942 - 1944 The hiding place

    Margot’s call up to report for work duty speeds up plans to go into hiding in Otto’s business premises. His employees are responsible for the family’s and their friends’ well being in the secret annex. Allied gains give those in hiding hope of liberation.

    1942 - 1944  The hiding place

    1944 - 1945 The Arrest

    The people in hiding are all arrested and deported to extermination camps. Kleiman and Kugler are punished with imprisonment for their role as helpers while Miep and Bep remain behind and wait.

    1944 - 1945  The Arrest

    1945 - 1948 Otto returns

    Germany surrenders, the war ends and Europe is free but in ruins. Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam, picks up the threads of his life and mourns for his family. He is not the only one, gradually the scale of the mass murder of the Jews becomes clear.

    1945 - 1948  Otto returns

    1947 - 1957 The diary is published

    Otto Frank fulfills Anne’s wish and publishes the diary. Translated into many languages and adapted for the stage her story reaches and touches people all over the world.

    1947 - 1957  The diary is published

    1957 - 1960 Saved from Demolition

    The secret annex is crumbling and deserted but the Anne Frank House is founded to save it from demolition. The film "Diary of Anne Frank" by George Stevens receives a number of Oscars and makes Anne Frank internationally better known. European cooperation leads to the formation of the EEC.

    1960 - 1969 The Anne Frank House opens

    The Secret Annex where Anne Frank wrote her diary becomes a museum. It attracts a huge amount of interest as Anne and her diary become known worldwide and the man responsible for the arrest of those in hiding is discovered.

    1960 - 1969  The Anne Frank House opens

    1970 - 1986 Closed for restoration

    Growing visitor numbers result in the second but only major renovation to close the museum. This period sees the first international Anne Frank exhibition and is marked by Otto Frank’s death.

    1986 - 1999 Proof of authenticity

    A critical edition of the diary puts to rest allegations of forgery. The museum undergoes more renovation to serve ever growing public interest.

    1999 - 2010 Renewed, restored and renovated

    A lengthy project completely renews the Anne Frank House and the museum is officially opened by Queen Beatrix of The Netherlands.

    1999 - 2010  Renewed, restored and renovated

    2010 - 2013 50 years as a museum

    The Anne Frank House celebrates its 50th anniversary. A new virtual museum allows people from all over the world to ‘visit’ online. Miep Gies dies aged 100. The Anne Frank tree falls during a summer storm.

    2010 - 2013  50 years as a museum

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